Canada in the cold war essay
S President Ronald Regan; both men shared a similar conservative. The Arctic Ice is melting, and every country is fighting for a piece.
In a real life example of capture the flag, a plethora of resources in numbers never seen before wait on the top of the hill, while militaries from around the globe race to the base to be the next world power. In an attempt to retain control over the area, the eight member nations of the Arctic Council are trying to find a fair way to distribute resources.
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But this dispute over. Canada and the Cold War The Cold War is a time of managed political and military coercion and turmoil between the superpowers. It was a war that actually wasn 't your common war.
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There were numerous military aircraft flying over the nations dropping bombs, no tanks no ground troops, no really organization of rockets, and no ground troops. Then again, there were a stockpile of atomic weapons, cash was being spent like a really war was being battled, purposeful publicity, there were two superpower.
The Cuban missile crisis of had put America and Canada in danger and had almost started a nuclear war. On October 15, , an American spy plane took pictures of nuclear missiles being built in Cuba, these missiles were capable of hitting targets anywhere in the United States or Canada, these missiles belonged to the Soviet Union Russia , and were too dangerous to be left alone. The missiles had been placed there after the failed mission of the Bay of Pigs, for protection. John F. Contrary to the expectations that world would be much safer in the post-Cold War, United States and Soviet Union were faced with new security issues that they did not know how to deal with.
The objective of this essay is to show that with all these changes that. In fact, NATO intelligence suggested that such an attack could occur as early as In response, in —54, the Royal Canadian Air Force RCAF commissioned Avro to design and build the Arrow: an all-weather nuclear interceptor meant to fly higher and faster than any aircraft in its class see Avro Arrow.
The Canadian NATO commitment on the continent included an army brigade group in West Germany and air force fighter jets capable of carrying nuclear weapons. Some argued that the missiles would be an effective replacement for the Avro Arrow , which the Diefenbaker government scrapped in early The missiles would theoretically intercept any Soviet attacks on North America before they reached the industrial heartland of Canada see Civil Defence. However, the government did not make it clear that the missiles would be fitted with nuclear warheads.
When this came to light in , a dispute erupted as to whether Canada should adopt nuclear weapons.
Pearson decided to accept the nuclear warheads in see Bomarc Missile Crisis. On 15 October , an American spy plane discovered that Soviet missiles were being installed in Cuba — considered a threat to the United States and Canada. Kennedy, and fuelled already difficult relations between Canada and the US in the s.
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The Cold War began winding down in the late s amid uncompromising anti-Soviet policies by the US, coupled with new efforts at openness by the Soviet leadership, and a surge of freedom movements inside the European communist states. This culminated in the tearing down of the Berlin Wall in which had separated West and East Germany since and the fall of the Soviet Union the following year.
Their website features a virtual tour of the museum and multimedia online exhibits that depict how Canada met and overcame wartime challenges throughout its history. Diefenbunker This bunker was to designed to serve as the Central Emergency Government Headquarters in the event of a nuclear attack.
Now an Ottawa area tourist attraction.
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Documenting history of war resistance in Canada
During the Cold War, even speaking the word communism in the United States was a bad thing, because the American government and the vast majority of American people were so against it. An example of this anti-communism in the American military happened during the Korean War. MacArthur was very anti-communist and when his forces got near the Yalu River separating North Korea from China, MacArthur had been ordered not to cross the Yalu River into China, but MacArthur insisted on an attack on China in order to deal with the communists and to eliminate them.
He was then fired as commander, but his stance against communism was not uncommon in the United States during the Cold War. Another anti-communist war involving the U. In Korea, the Americans fought on the side of the South Koreans in order to stop them from being taken over by communist North Korea. This was a three year war which ended with the deaths of thousands but had halted the spread of communism.
Similar to Vietnam, the Americans were there to stop the spread of communism, and were willing to sacrifice billions of dollars and the lives of thousands of American soldiers to stop this spread of communism. On the other hand, with Vietnam being close to them, the Soviets supplied the North Koreans with weapons and supplies to help them in their war against the United States. But Canada, being allied with the United States, was somewhat obligated by the Americans to assist them in this war against communism, similar to the Soviets helping the North Koreans and the North Vietnamese in their wars against the Americans, and to a certain extent, Canada helped the Americans.
The Gouzenko Affair and the Development of Canadian Intelligence
During the Korean War, thousands of Canadians assisted in the war effort that was made up of mostly American forces. Throughout the entire war, Canada faced a lot of criticism from the Americans in regards to their war in Vietnam. Canada had chosen not to get involved in the war, which made the American government upset. During the Vietnam War, two million, two hundred and fifteen thousand men were drafted into the United States military for the war in Vietnam.
During this time of conscription, up to one hundred thousand men, eligible for draft fled the United States to avoid being killed in the jungles in Vietnam. A large majority of these men fled to Canada and the Canadian government accepted them into the country to avoid draft. This caused a huge uproar in the United States because they accused Canada of assisting their potential soldiers escape military service. Canada, on the other hand, had a lot of its own men joining the United States army to fight in Vietnam and a lot of these Canadian soldiers were unappreciated, unrecognized, and overlooked in the overall war effort.
Another aspect to the cold war is that of political alliances. During the Cold War era, countries from around the world formed military alliances with one another in order to have strength in numbers, and to protect one another if one country in the alliance was attacked. The world after the Second World War was split into two parts, the west being the democratic side of the world and the east being the communist side of the world. Both these parts of the world were quite different politically and both sides had nuclear capabilities.
Treaties were signed between eastern and western countries to have as many allies as possible in the event of the Cold War heating up. This treaty, which was signed on April 4th , formed a military alliance between western countries. Canada was one of the principal countries that initiated this alliance and did not just want the alliance formed to rally against the Soviets like other countries, but saw it as an important step in creating peace.
Similar to NATO, the Soviets in response to this treaty, came up with their own military alliance treaty with other eastern countries. This treaty was known as the Warsaw Pact, and was signed on May 14th