Causes of civil war in america essay
And political deals, such as the Missouri Compromise in and Compromise of , and Supreme Court rulings, such as the Dred Scott decision in , divided the country even more.
The Civil War, Emancipation, and Reconstruction on the World Stage
These divisions went far beyond cotton and economics. The central story told in textbooks is that the industrial revolution, beginning with the first textile mill in New England in the s, created an economy that did not need slaves. Southerners, however, continued to use slave labor on their farms because agriculture was profitable. Closely related to this change, cities rose as population centers in the North created an urban society while the South remained primarily agrarian. Census data on farms and cities, however, reveals that while cities grew rapidly in the North between and , they did not become leading population centers until , 60 years after the Civil War began.
In , there were more farms in the North than in the South, although Southern states, especially in the Cotton Belt, had the majority of large farms 1, acres or more. The notion that there were no southern cities was also a myth. The U. Louis, Baltimore and New Orleans—were in slave states. Several other southern cities, such as Louisville, Mobile, and Charleston, had more than 20, residents each and were listed among the largest urban places in the U.
Similarly, data demonstrate the presence of manufacturing in the South.
Richmond, VA, had mills and factories as early as The census shows the fairly even spread of manufacturing across the states, with only New York and Pennsylvania recording 17, or more manufacturing establishments see Primary Source Farms Census Data , List of Urban Areas , and Manufacturing Census Date . Senator from South Carolina, in , reminding all of the importance of cotton in the South. A major error in the agricultural vs.
When I ask college students to talk about the causes of the war, many tell the story of Eli Whitney and the cotton gin. They remind me that there were no factories in the South prior to and are astonished when I tell them that factories flourished in the South as early as John Adams's Presidency.
They gloat over the North's shipping yards and are surprised to learn of the busy shipping industry based in cities such as Richmond, Charleston, and New Orleans. Their jaws drop when I talk about the thousands of slaves in the South who worked in busy cities, not on quiet plantations. Slaves did not arrive in the U. They began to arrive in the early s to work on farms that grew a number of different crops.
The civil war had colonial roots because it was a sectional conflict. The Appalachian Mountains angled westward and formed the fertile and wide Piedmont the land between the sea and mountains grew narrower. Its non-existence and existence identified alignments on major national issues and symbolized the economic character and course of all states. The tariff of abominations is worth attention. Jackson threatened to send federal troops for its collection in southern ports, and it also contributed to forming two different parts of the country.
How Americans Can Stop Fighting the Civil War | Essay | Zócalo Public Square
When completing a written assignment on what caused the civil war, focus on its best structure because it makes a huge difference. Make it simple to organize all ideas and paragraphs. Most teachers ask students to use a 5-paragraph structure. Organize your piece of writing in the same order:. Organize all facts and thoughts in a logical manner. If you understand how your essay will look, the next thing that you should do is writing it. Take these basic steps to end up with an impressive and winning civil war essay:. You need to keep the scope of your essay narrow enough to impress the targeted audience and earn good grades.
Instead of picking a general topic, choose a narrow aspect. The civil war itself covered many naval, western, and eastern campaigns. Pick one group to highlight in your academic paper. Every purchase supports the mission. Skip to main content. Civil War.
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By Dr. James McPherson. National Archives. Library of Congress.
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The Causes of the American Civil War Essay Example
North and South. States' Rights. Trigger Events of the Civil War. Slavery in the United States. Why Non-Slaveholding Southerners Fought.