Culture shock language essay

Essay on Culture Shock

For example, it would be important to understanding the meaning of "inclusion" from the perspectives of the special needs student, the regular student, and the teachers Allyn and Bacon, Huff , p. It is not possible to carry out research without firstly explaining the methodological grounding. Different methodologies are based on diverse theoretical assumptions that illustrate how a specific method is applied to disclose information.

Grounded theory means making and discovering a theory Glaser and Strauss, It is the exploration of theory from data systematically gained from social research Glaser and Strauss, Furthermore, focus of the methodology is uncovering basic social processes. Also, get through and beyond conjecture and preconception to exactly the underlying processes of what is going on, so that professionals can intervene with confidence to help resolve the participant's main concerns Glaser, Grounded theory in social science research has some advantages and disadvantages.

However, the disadvantages are in overcoming subjectivity of reliability and validity of approaches and information. It is hard to detect and overcome investigator-induced bias in showing results; the one thing which makes them hard to present in a manner that is suitable for use by practitioners is the highly subjective nature of the results Offredy and Vickers, The research pattern was a central or generic qualitative study that "wants to find and comprehend a process, a phenomenon, or the worldviews and the visions of the people concerned" Merriam, , p.

The basis for this decision stemmed from the individual character of the enquiries that I wanted to reply to, as well as from my faith in the subsistence of the social constitution of multiple validities. Via individual interviews in a safe place and a methodical review of the magazine entries of the three participators for more than a 4-week period, the knowledge of these individuals was able to be stated in a more inclusive and meaning-sensitive style than an assistant alone could have achieved.

Studying abroad: culture shock

This in-depth expedition of a selected small number of professional people, rather than a surface level study, caused many people to give a more perfect "picture" of the phenomenon for these individuals, that assisted to reveal "concrete", i. The proficiency to vary or alter thoroughly inquiries in interviews, for example displayed the developed nature of the research.

What Is Culture Shock?

Through transcribing and translating the information assembled from these two devices on a regular basis, as well as regularly monitoring with myself as the interviewer, I have the ability to continually contrast the discoveries with my suppositions and creating variances accordingly if and when required. Potentially valued insights would have been lost without having this freedom to search. Apart from the theoretical and methodological considerations, ethical consideration was another important tenet that guides the design and practices of this study.

The ethical considerations undertaken in this study embraced the principles of participation, and protection. Embracing the principle of participation, participants were invited to volunteer in this research in a non-coercive manner. Respondents who were interested to volunteer were emailed copies of the participant consent form. This information disseminated was meant to help potential participants to have freewill and make informed decisions about their involvement.

All participants who agreed to volunteer for this research completed and signed the consent form before any interview recording took place. The signed Consent Forms were stored in a secured place. The second principle of protection was incorporated by taking an active role to consider the safety, privacy, and confidentiality of the research participants.

Participants were protected from harm and deceit.

The interviews were arranged in places of minimal physical risk upon agreement with the participants. At the start of every interview session, each participant was briefed on the right to withdraw from participation at any point of time, even after the interview session was completed. Opportunity was also given to participants to clarify any inquiry one may have concerning the study.

It was agreed upon with the participants in this study that their identities would remain confidential and pseudonyms were used in the reporting of their sharing. Furthermore, identifying features such as names were removed from the transcripts to maintain the right of privacy and confidentiality of the participants. All digital interview recordings were deleted after this study was completed and the transcripts were stored in a secured place. The thematic analysis method is to analyse transcribed data, because it is not a complex method, but it allows complex issues to be highlighted clearly from the data; it is also flexible, relatively easy, and a quick method to learn Braun and Clarke, The research also considers the process of conducting focused in-depth interviews May, Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three participants who have experience in the culture shock and stress.

Besides, the in-depth interviews have several advantages, the most important of which was to secure confidentiality whereby the informants felt secure and at ease in sharing sensitive information with the interviewer. In an interview, informants usually provide details of their personal status, skills, viewpoints, and conducts. In addition, in-depth interviews permit researchers to gather a great deal of information within a limited period of time; they also allow the researchers to work with a population who are geographically detached.

Lastly, interviews adjust to the diverse circumstances, allowing the researchers to gather data from, for example, both the city and the countryside Bowles and Wisconsin Univ, In this study, the focused individual interview will be employed. The focus was on in-depth interview that can be used to gather information on what participants think and why they think as they do about, for example, preparation and shared experience. It is a qualitative research method that can be integrated within other research procedures or be used alone. Doing semi-structured interviews, the topics to be discussed were decided upon in advance, but the ordering of them varied between the different interviews Kvale, ; Fog, Each interview started with an introduction to the general aims of the study and the information given in the invitation letter was repeated.

After this, respondents were asked to sign a consent form. The interview guide consisted of two main parts. Topics to be discussed were the same and included questions about: What in your opinion could be done to help international students overcome their culture shock and stress? At the end of the interview the participants were asked if there was something else they would like to tell.


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This was to assure that aspects they thought important were not left out. However, although all respondents were introduced to, or introduced themselves to, the main topics, the specific questions were not meant as fixed or obligatory, and in most interviews, the questions turned out to be redundant. All the interviews were tape-recorded. Because body language sometimes is crucial for understanding the meaning of an utterance I also took notes. Sometimes this was done during the interview, at other times right after.

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Another preventive action taken to avoid direct misunderstandings was that I often summarized what they said during the interview and asked whether or not my interpretation was correct. The interviews were conducted at the University area. The length of the interviews lasted from one hour.

The participants decided if they wanted to be interviewed in Kurdish or English. The data generated from individual interviews cannot be generalized to a large population, but can give detailed information about the individual interviewed. The focus interview is an in-depth, face- to- face interview of a purposive sampling of a target population Connaway, As Connaway puts it, the discussion is carefully planned and focused on a particular topic to explore the perception of the interviewees in a non-threatening, environment.

Each interviewee took a part on a moderated interactive discussion and responded to ideas and comments based on the topic supplied by the researcher. The sample should consist of seven people chosen with a homogeneous background, rather than homogeneity in attitudes toward the topics discussed in the interview. The participants must be screened and chosen with care in relation to the research question. The literature suggests the coordinators of the focused in-depth interviews to develop a screening questionnaire, identify more potential participants than actually needed, and notify the selected participants again before the scheduled interviews for confirmations Connaway, This study employed what is generally referred to as theme-centred Thagaard, or category-based analysis Holter, Braun and Clarke describe a specific theme-centred analysis they call thematic analysis.

One of the advantages of this type of analysis is its theoretical freedom Braun and Clarke, Thematic analysis can be either inductive or theory-driven. This means that the analysis recognizes the dialectical relationship between theoretical perspective and data analysis. Moreover, the analysis took a semantic approach, that is, the themes were identified from the explicit or surface meanings of the data Braun and Clarke, This is in contrast to analyses at the latent level, where the researcher goes beyond what the respondents actually said in order to identify underlying ideologies or ideas that govern what people say.

For the analysis I started with reading through all the interviews to get an overview, whereupon I went back to each interview transcript and read them carefully. In this second reading a line-by-line coding was done ascribing each sentence in the interviews a code that described the main essence of it.

In this study, the initial codes were both inductive and deductive, which means that they originated both from my own theoretical understandings and from the respondent themselves Miles and Huberman, Thus, I do not argue that the codes emerged exclusively from the data, a claim that would have been criticized by many scholars practicing thematic analysis Holter, ; Fog, ; Braun and Clarke, In the guidelines for conducting thematic analysis made by Braun and Clarke all data are coded, and codes are gathered into more and more abstract codes until they represent a theme or a pattern.

In this analysis, the coding of the material was based on the principles described by Braun and Clarke After the initial coding, codes were merged into larger units organizing those that were similar in meaning content. Coming in from a non-profit organization where the work environment was filled with love and hardworking professionals working together for a good cause, my new job was extremely eye opening and a real culture shock.

When I started, my manager was fairly new.

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International students and cultural shock

She was very quiet and didn't have much knowledge on the day-to-day activities she was in charge of managing. It was very frustrating when I would ask her a question and she would tell me " I'm not…. Leading up to the trip, I had to make final preparations before leaving the country. Although it was a bittersweet time, leaving my family to journey to an unfamiliar place, I knew that I could not resist the golden opportunity ahead of me.

I also focused more in Spanish class because I knew language would be vital part…. I was born and bought up in the southern part of India. People in India follow many different religions and cultures. These cultures are somewhat similar but at the same time unlike in other means. I experienced cultural shock, when I travelled to northern part of India, during my college days.

I was a little shocked to see the difference between their languages, food….